Published 2001 by UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research .
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Download Access to land and land policy reforms (Policy brief)
In this policy, land refers to farmland, wetlands, pastures and forests. Land tenure refers to rules and norms and institutions that govern how, when and where people access land or are excluded from such access.2 Land tenure security refers to enforceable claims on land, with the level of enforcement ranging from national laws to local villageFile Size: KB.
Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action Edited by Alain de Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Jean-Philippe Platteau, and Elisabeth Sadoulet WIDER Studies in Development Economics.
Offers a set of guidelines for policy makers and international development agencies regarding how to reform land. Abstract. Access to land can be an effective policy instrument for poverty reduction. This article shows how different types of property rights can affect access and use, analyses different modes of access, especially the role of land markets, and sets out some of the policy implications.
"Land Law Reform examines the wide-spread efforts to reform land law in developing countries and countries in transition, drawing in particular upon the experience of the World Bank and the Rural Development Institute.
The book considers the role of land law reform in the development process and analyzes how the World Bank has sought to support these legal changes in client countries.
Abstract This book examines issues at the forefront of the debate on land law reform, pays particular attention to how reform options affect the poor and disadvantaged, and recommends strategies for alleviating poverty more effectively through land law reform. Changes in land reform policy in Colombia Brazil: land reform to combat poverty in a middle-income country Challenges of land reform in South Africa The many facets of land conﬂict throughout history Land tax reform in Kenya and Indonesia The continuing challenge of state ownership Ghana: an.
Law reform is at the heart of this revolution. The Politics of Land Reform in Africa casts a critical spotlight on this profound change in African land economy. The book illuminates the key role of legislators, legal consultants and academics in tenure reform. Land reform is probably one of the most difficult domestic policy issues to be dealt with by Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa and Australia.
In each of these countries the process of land reform is incomplete. Zimbabwe, on one side of the spectrum, is facing a crisis in democratisation due to its radical approach to land reform. Land tenure 7 Land administration 12 Access to land 16 Tenure security 18 LAND TENURE SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN DESIGN OF PROJECTS 23 Environmental issues 23 Gender issues 25 Conflict, migration and resolution processes 27 The inter-relationship between issues 30 5.
HOW LAND TENURE CAN BE CONSIDERED IN PROJECT DESIGN 33 Analysis of land. Proposal Paper, AGTER. Part I. Page 3 Land Policies and Agrarian Reforms The Proposal paper on land policies and agrarian reforms is based on discussions with researchers, development workers and representatives of farmers’ organisations.
The main questions were grouped together on four occasions: during a workshop at the. As the owners of the land, the state can grant permits to persons to use the land.
It can make outright grants (for example the Land Reforms Commission can make outright grants of land), and it can lease the land out to either private parties, or to state owned entities.
Handbook On Land Ownership, Rights, Interests And Acquisition In Uganda 3 a. The Constitution of Uganda, b. The Land Act, Cap as amended c. The Land Acquisition Act, Cap d.
The Land Policy, e. The Registration of Titles Act, Cap f. The National Environment Act, Cap g. The Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation, S.I.
Land reform is a moral and political imperative and represents an opportunity to invigorate rural economies by giving rural dwellers greater access to productive assets. The land reform programme must look beyond rural land and truly address the land needs of South Africans who have historically been excluded from land and property ownership.
GLTN’s guide on pro-poor land policy development outlines a participatory process that can be adapted as appropriate to the situation in each country and the specific aspect of land policy that needs to be addressed. It involves a wide range of stakeholders from all aspects of land policy, including civil society and the poor themselves.
Access to Land is of crucial importance for economic and social development. It is the bedrock of economic and social life in both urban residential areas and in the countryside. Land policies define the legal rights and conditions of access to and/or ownership of this vital resource and regulate its distribution among multiple stakeholders.
Thus, land policies also reflect the relations and. Land reform is one of the ways in which past racial exclusions and inequalities are being addressed in the ‘new South Africa’. The Department of Land Affairs (DLA) is responsible for restoring land to those unjustly deprived of land rights since ; redistributing land to those denied equitable access.
The goal of land policy in Kenya should be to establish a framework of values and institutions that would ensure that land and associated resources are held, used and managed efficiently, productively and sustainably.
T h e o v e r a l l o b j e c tive of land policy should be to establish a land administration and management system. Land Policy • EU definition: distribution of power and interests in land between the state and its citizens • Determines rights of access to and use of land related resources.
5 Aesthetic (Beauty) Cultural (Identity) Environmental • Land management and land reform • Land administration. Current Land Policy On Customary access loans and other funds available on the market.
The land Policy development process in Zambia is therefore taking the shape where a key question is to be resolved “How can security Customary tenure remains the No.
1 focus of the reform process. The book is not an apologia for Robert Mugabe’s government – it acknowledges corruption and cronyism, but argues that the more recent land reform was driven from below, initially in the face of Zanu opposition, before the government finally decided to accept a fait accomplit – ‘perhaps the only thing Robert Mugabe and the British.
Improving Access to Land and strengthening Women's land ri ghts in Africa. By Millicent Odeny Abstract The need to improve access to land and strengthen women's land rights in Africa has elicited a lot of discussion with women's rights activists arguing for increased access and control over land and other productive resources.
Read the latest articles of Land Use Policy atElsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature. The Land Administration Reform Agenda∗ Mylene G. Albano∗∗ Introduction A problem as big as the Philippines’ present land administration system requires a long-term solution. It will be very difficult to reform a year old system that has been institutionalized across, and implemented by, different government agencies.
The policy studies. The scope of land reform in most countries includes some mix of access to land and formalisation of land rights and entitlements, as well as improving post-reform production structures and livelihoods (Ghimire, ). Ghimire argues that the scope of land reform varies from country to country, or even from locality to locality.
Inheritance, or gaining access to land as an heir. Squatting illegally on land. In addition to such individual strategies, access to land can be provided systematically through land reform interventions by national governments, often as a result of policies to correct historic injustices and to distribute land.
Land reform - Land reform - Types of reform: Whether it is called land reform or agrarian reform, the operational concept covers five main types of reform, classified according to whether they deal with land title and terms of holding, land distribution, the scale of operation, the pattern of cultivation, or supplementary measures such as credit, marketing, or extension services.
Some notable examples of completed World Bank-financed projects in support of land governance include. In Brazil, 55, poor rural families gained access to about million hectares of land;; In Bolivia, overhectares of land were collectively titled as Original Communal Territories to Indigenous Peoples groups;; In Bosnia and Herzegovina, property transaction time was reduced.
Introduction. The history of white colonial land dispossession began at the Cape with the expansion of the Dutch colonial settlement established by Jan van Riebeeck on behalf of the Dutch East India Company (VOC).
Initially, he was authorised to set up a refreshment station for the company’s ships, but with the need for a more sustainable source of meat and vegetable supply more land was. Land reform in Zimbabwe officially began in with the signing of the Lancaster House Agreement, as an Anti-racist effort to more equitably distribute land between black subsistence farmers and white Zimbabweans of European ancestry, who had traditionally enjoyed superior political and economic programme's stated targets were intended to alter the ethnic balance of land ownership.
Land reform - Land reform - Conclusions: Land reform and agrarian reforms have become synonymous, indicating that reform programs have become more comprehensive and encompass much more than the reform of land tenure or land distribution.
Reform movements have recurred throughout history, as have the crises they are intended to deal with, because reform has rarely dealt with the. The webinar on the Land Reform Agenda for Kenya took place on 10 October, The webinar reviewed the land reform process in Kenya and addressed a range of challenges, with a view to defining a path forward that will lead to equity and justice in land reforms.
land policies is Brazil where a state-led land reform pol-icy is now being paralleled by a market-led land reform policy (Sauer, ; Medeiros, ; Pereira, ). Examples of differentiated recent national policies be-tween countries are s land reform in Armenia (Spoor, ) as compared to the Uzbekistan land re.
tenure reform is a component of a national land reform programme which also embraces the restitution of land, to people dispossessed by racially discriminatory laws or practices, and land redistribution to the poor. In southern Africa, tenure reform must address a range of problems arising from settler colonisation and dispossession.
land is given to Rural District Councils (RDCs) in terms of section 8 and 9 of the Act. Section 8 is the provision which deals with occupation and use of communal land for agricultural and residential purpose. According to section 8(1) a person can occupy and use such land with the consent of the RDC established for the area concerned.
Develop preliminary land policy. Consider, even at this early stage, a brief interim policy statement on land; it will necessarily be relatively short and simple but can still reassure citizens as well as potential domestic and foreign investors. Encourage creation of a Land Commission.
Part 2: Land Tenure 62 I. Overview I. Overview Simply put, land tenure is the way in which people have access to and use land and natural resources. A more detailed definition describes land tenure as “the institutional (political, economic, social. Read the latest articles of Land Use Policy atElsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature Research article Full text access Land use conflicts in central Sudan: Perception and local coping mechanisms.
select article Suburban residential development in the era of market-oriented land reform. Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership.
Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural reform can, therefore, refer to transfer of ownership from the more powerful to the less powerful, such as.
fragmented character of the land reforms. Land administration remains poorly organized as far as the following policies are concerned: land allocation, systematic land legislation, land payments, land use planning and development control.
Land privatization and land reforms have not taken the need for strategic planning for land use seriously. Land Reform in South Africa: An Overview 32 Int’l J. Legal Info. () to be a major policy of the state supported by an array of laws from the early days of colonization.
extent ameliorate the injustices of deprivation and denial of access to land. Land reform would also page 2 of alleviate poverty, especially in the rural.
This paper takes a critical look at the issues surrounding the land reform programme. It investigates the historical background to land ownership in Zimbabwe before and after independence from colonial rule. The paper will also look at the Zimbabwe government’s Land policy .Despite [the] recognition that land rights are important, 70 percent of the world’s population still lacks access to proper land titling or demarcation.
The status of land rights can affect an individual’s access to economic opportunity. It is a strong incentive to make productivity enhancing investments on a personal and household level.1. Ahmed, S. and Rahman, S. (ed.) Poverty Alleviation Through Access to Land Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific, and Economic Development Institute of the World Bank, CIRDAP Study Series No.Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2.
Chen Cheng Land Reform in Taiwan China Publishing Co., Taiwan, 3.